Anil Jain's research interests include pattern recognition, computer vision and biometric recognition. His articles on biometrics have appeared in Scientific American, Nature, IEEE Spectrum, Scholarpedia, and MIT Technology Review. He has received a number of awards, including Guggenheim fellowship, Humboldt Research award, Fulbright fellowship, IEEE Computer Society Technical Achievement award (2003), W. Wallace McDowell award (2007), IAPR King-Sun Fu Prize (2008), and ICDM 2008 Research Contribution Award. He holds six patents and is the author of several books.
For his contributions to pattern recognition and Biometrics, Jain was elected to the National academy of Engineering (NAE), The World Academy of Science (TWAS) and as foreign member of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE).