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Research Center

Center for Structural Fire Engineering

 

Projects
_______________________________________________________________

Year

Source

Project title/Purpose

*PI/CoPI

 

 

2016, 2017

Structural Technologies

   Evaluating fire resistance of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams and slabs – Phase II

Kodur

2016

Qatar National Research Foundation

Guidelines for enhancing the performance of FRP-strengthened concrete beams under fire and harsh environment exposures

Alnuaimi

Haweeleh

Abdalla

Kodur

2016

Prestressed Conc. Institute

An approach for PB fire design of prestressed concrete structures

Kodur

2015

Structural Technologies

Evaluating fire resistance of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams and slabs

Kodur

2015

Metna Co. (US Army Corps of Engineers) 

Indigenous materials for construction – Phase 1 (SBIR)

Kodur

2015

Research Grant Council, Hong Kong

Investigation of the fire resistance and mechanical properties of composite structures

strengthened with nanomaterials

Liew, Yuen and Kodur

2014

Metna Co. (US Department of Defense)

Ultra-high-performance concrete-Phase II

Kodur,

Soroushian

2014

National Science Foundation of China

High temperature performance and damage mechanism of geopolymer concerte material and components

Zhang, Kodur

2014

National Research Foundation - Singapore

Life safety and structural fire safety of mega underground caverns in Singapore

Tan et al.

and Kodur

2013

Metna Co. (DoD)

Ultra-high-performance concrete

Kodur

2012

IUSSTF

 Indo-US virtual fire center for advancing research and education in structural fire engineering

Kodur,

Bhattacharya,

Matsagar

 

2012

Prestressed Conc. Institute

An approach for PB fire design of concrete hollow-core slabs 

Kodur

2011

NSF

Collaborative research: Fire damage mitigation and post-fire evaluation of steel girder bridges

Kodur

2011

Fyfe Co. LLC

Characterization tests on fire insulation

Kodur

2010

SGH Corp.

High temp. property evaluation of vanadium steel

Kodur

2010

UL/NIST

Fire resistance tests on structural wood beams

Kodur

2010

MSU/ASC, CoE

 Indo-US virtual fire center for advancing research and education in structural fire engineering

Kodur

2009

NSF

Guidelines for fire design of strengthened RC beams

Kodur

2008

UL/DHS

High temperature properties of wood for fire resistance modeling of floor systems

Kodur

2008

NSF

Guidelines for the design of steel shear angle connections under fire hazard

Kodur

 

2008

WPI/NSF

SGER: Collection of data on fire at Faculty of Architecture building, Technical Univ. at Delft, NL

Kodur

2008

NSF

United States-India workshop on "Enhancing the resilience of built infrastructure"

Kodur

2008

Indo-US S&T Forum

United States-India workshop on "Enhancing the resilience of built infrastructure"

Banerji,

Kodur

2008

NSF

Collaborative Research: Fire behavior and design of building floor systems

Kodur

2007

SPG – MSU Foundation

Establishment of structural and fire engineering diagnostic center

Kodur, Wichman, Ghosh

2007

Prestressed Conc. Institute

A numerical approach for PB fire safety design of PC double T beams

Kodur

2007

NIST

Fire research on concrete and steel – student internship projects

Kodur

2007

AISC

PB methodolgy for demonstrating the feasibility of unprotected steel in sprinklered buildings

Kodur

2007

NSF & NIST

Fire Engg. guidelines for the design of steel beam-columns

Kodur

2007

NSF, NIST

National workshop on structures and fire

Kodur

2006

NSF

Fire design guidelines for RC columns

Kodur

2006

Portland Cement Ass.

A model for the fire behavior of High Strength Concrete (HSC) columns

Kodur

2005

IRGP, MSU

Developing an approach for modeling the fire behavior of HSC beams

Kodur

2005

MSU

Establishing fire research program at MSU

Kodur

  Pre-MSU Career
_______________________________________________________________

Year

Source

Project title/Purpose

*PI/CoPI

2004

PWGSC, NRCC

Technology transfer of fire resistance design of FRP-RC systems

Kodur

2003

CSCE, NRCC

PD Seminars across Canada –Lessons learned from WTC disaster

Kodur & Proulx

2002

FRP industries, ISIS, Queens, NRCC

Fire resistance guidelines for FRP-strengthened RC systems

Kodur & Green (Queen's)

2001

PWGSC, NRCC

Fire performance of  concrete slabs reinforced with FRP bars

Kodur

2000

HEXCEL, SIKA

Fire resistance experiments on FRP wrapped RC columns

Kodur

2000

CSCC, AISI, NRCC

Modeling the behavior steel frames exposed to fire

Kodur

1999

PCA, CTL, CAC, NRCC

Enhancing fire endurance of HSC columns

Kodur

1998

CANMET, MOBIL, NRCC

Spalling in high strength concrete blocks

Kodur

1998

Univ. of Liege (Belgium), NRCC

3-D Models for evaluating structural fire performance

Kodur

1997

PCA, CPCA, NRCC

Factors influencing fire endurance of HSC columns

Kodur

1997

NCTU, ABRI (Taiwan), NRCC

Mechanical properties and fire performance of HPC

Kodur

1997

TJM

Fire resistance tests for Parallam wood columns & beams

Kodur

1997

PWGSC, NRCC

Fire resistance of FRP-RC members

Kodur

1996

CSCC, NRCC

Fire design guidelines for CFT columns

Kodur

1996

NATO, NRCC

Feasibility of unprotected steel structures

Kodur

1996

CSCC, NRCC

Performance of unprotected steel structural systems

Kodur & Yung

1995

PCA, CPCA, CTL, NRCC

Fire endurance of HSC columns

Lie &  Kodur

1995

Consortium of 9 industries + NRCC

Fire resistance of wood and steel stud walls

Kodur,

Sultan

* bold indicates PI


Center
_____________________________________________________________________

A custom designed integrated small-scale load-furnace apparatus is being acquired through PI start-up funds for testing small specimens to measure stress-strain response and creep as a function of temperature.  In addition, instruments such as Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), Differential Thermal Analyzer (DTA), and Dilatometric Apparatus are being purchased for establishing various high temperature thermal properties.

CIL has recently established structural fire test furnace for testing loaded structural assemblies (such as columns, beams and floor systems) under extreme fire conditions. The furnace is housed in a new addition, which has been completed recently, to the existing CIL building. The furnace acquisition was instrumented through the PO and a specialized furnace manufacturer and the furnace was dedicated in June 2007. The integrated heat furnace-loading system was specially designed and built so that it could produce conditions to which a member might be exposed during a fire, such as fire temperatures, structural loads and heat transfer. It consists of a steel framework supported by four columns with the furnace chamber (fire exposed area) of about 8 x 10 ft. inside the framework. The furnace is equipped with six natural gas burners, each with a maximum capacity of 406 kW for a total of 2.5 MW and can simulate conventional (building) or hydrocarbon fire. Six thermocouples distributed throughout the test chamber monitor the furnace temperature during a fire test. This data is used by the control system to adjust fuel supply, and maintain a temperature course consistent with the standard or realistic fire scenarios. This two-way system maintains the furnace temperature along a desired curve. Two small view ports on either side of the furnace wall provide for visual monitoring of the fire-exposed surface during tests. Figure 1 shows the test facility that has been installed at the CIL of MSU.

Facilities for fabricating steel (or concrete) specimens, for material property tests are found in the Department of civil and environmental engineering, in its Civil Infrastructure Laboratory (CIL).  The CIL has a 40 ft. x 60 ft. strong floor area, with 2 ft. x 2 ft. grid of 150 kip capacity tie-down points and a roof height of 30 ft. (high bay).  A 20 kip capacity crane services the strong floor area that will be used for moving the specimens after fabrication. Some costs have been identified in the budget for materials and fabrication of columns and beams.

State-of-the-art hydraulic testing equipment for testing materials such as steel, concrete, FRP are part of the CIL equipment. Additionally, the CIL and MSU have several specialized material testing equipment including 50 and 200 kip universal testing machines, fracture toughness testing equipment and a state-of the art world-class composite materials laboratory facilities. The CIL has also a state-of-the-art data acquisition system with 128 channels for displacement transducers, pressure transducers, rotation transducers, strain gages, load cells, thermocouples, accelerometers and other instruments.

Center for Structural Fire Engineering and Diagnostics
______________________________________________________________________

Background: Fire represents one of the most severe environmental hazards in the design and fabrication of civil (built infrastructure), mechanical, aerospace and nuclear structures. Unfortunately, the U.S. has one of the worst fire-loss records in the industrialized world, as demonstrated by the large number of deaths and property destruction. Further, a number of recent white papers and reports conclude that there is serious lack of understanding, test data, tools, technologies and qualified personnel to facilitate structural fire safety design. This was mainly attributed to the fact that within the area of fire science, structural fire safety is the least developed.

Presently, design for fire is based on prescriptive approaches, either through standard fire test data or simplified empirical methods. It is widely recognized that this traditional approach does not provide a realistic assessment of structural performance due to a number of serious drawbacks in the methods. There has been no improvement to these methods due to the lack of knowledge on fire characteristics, material properties at high temperatures, and validated simulation models. Hence, current fire protection codes and standards provisions do not account for the realistic response in actual fires and thus will not provide rational and cost-effective designs.

SAFE-D Center: To address the above illustrated fire problem a Center for Structural Fire Engineering and Diagnostics has been recently established though Strategic Partnership Grant Award by MSU Foundation. This center is led by Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) and is in collaboration with Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics and Astronomy in College of Natural Sciences.

Fire in WTC 2 building after plane impact

High way bridge Collapse in OakLand, CA due to fire

FEMA report stressing the need   R & D in Fire  Engineering

The Center will address fire issues related to the built environment (civil infrastructure) in the civil, mechanical, and transportation sectors.  The research to be undertaken at the proposed center, will lead to the advancement of fire safety science, and will produce innovative fire resistant materials, high temperature sensors, engineering design tools and advanced degree holders who will perform fire resistant design and construction in multidisciplinary engineering applications. Currently efforts are underway to further expand the research activities through the establishment of a self-sustaining research and technology center in Structures Fire Engineering and Diagnostics area. 

Fire Test Facilities

As part of this Center activity, state-of-the-art equipment is being set-up for undertaking fire experiments on materials and structural systems, critical for research in this interdisciplinary area. This includes structural fire testing furnace, the first of its kind in an American university, and various material characterization instruments for measuring at high temperature properties.

·    CEE has recently established structural fire test furnace for testing loaded structural assemblies (such as columns, beams and floor systems) under extreme fire conditions. The furnace is housed in a new addition, which has been completed recently, to the existing Civil and Infrastructure Laboratory building. The integrated heat furnace-loading system, dedicated in June 2007, was specially designed and built so that it could produce conditions to which a member might be exposed during a fire, such as fire temperatures, structural loads and heat transfer. It consists of a steel framework supported by four columns with the furnace chamber (fire exposed area) of about 8 x 10 ft. inside the framework. The furnace is equipped with six natural gas burners, and can simulate a temperature course consistent with the standard or realistic fire scenarios. Two small view ports on either side of the furnace wall provide for visual monitoring of the fire-exposed surface during tests. Figure 1 shows the test facility that has been installed at the CIL of MSU.

·     The material property instruments include, "thermal property measurement instruments” for thermal property measurements, a "cone calorimeter" to measure flammability, mass loss, and gas emissions, a "mechanical property measurement device" for measuring stress-strain response of materials, and "chemical composition measurement devices", for undertaking material characterization at high temperature.

Current Students/Projects: About dozen graduate students (7 PhD, 3 M.S. and 2 undergraduate) are pursuing research in various fire related projects. Many of these projects are funded by federal agencies (NSF, NIST), Industry (AISC, PCA, PCI) and other sources (MSU Foundation).

Opportunities for Graduate Studies: Assistantships are available for students wishing to pursue graduate studies in structural fire engineering. Interested students should send in their complete applications to CEE department and should indicate in their applications their interest on pursuing dissertation in structural fire engineering field.

Structural Fire Testing Facility at the CIL of MSU

Key Researchers

Dr. Venkatesh Kodur, Department of Civil Environmental Engineering

Dr. Indrek Wichman, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Dr. Ruby Gosh, Department of Physics and Astronomy


 


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