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Resurrection of Antibiotics that Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Resists by Silver-Doped Bioactive Glass-Ceramic Microparticles

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TitleResurrection of Antibiotics that Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Resists by Silver-Doped Bioactive Glass-Ceramic Microparticles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsPajares-Chamorro, N, Shook, J, Hammer, N, Chatzistavrou, X
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Abstract

This work describes a novel strategy to combat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) via the reactivation of inert antibiotics. This strategy exploits a multifunctional system consisting of bioactive glass–ceramic microparticles with antibacterial properties combined with various antibiotics to kill MRSA. Specifically, sol–gel derived silver-doped bioactive glass–ceramic microparticles (Ag-BG) combined with antibiotics that MRSA resists such as oxacillin or fosfomycin, significantly decreased the viability of MRSA. Ag-BG also potentiated the activity of vancomycin on static bacteria, which are typically resistant to this antibiotic. Notably, the synergistic activity is restricted to cell-envelope acting antibiotics as Ag-BG supplementation did not increase the efficacy of gentamicin. Bacteria viability assays and electron microscopy images demonstrate that Ag-BG synergizes to restore antibacterial activity to antibiotics that MRSA resists. The low cytotoxicity previously studied against oral bacteria, together with the known regenerative properties presented in previous studies, and the unique antibacterial properties observed in this work when they are combined with antibiotics, make this multifunctional system a promising approach for healing infected tissue.

DOI10.1016/j.actbio.2019.07.012