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Alternative Fuels and Combustion Research
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Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Engineering Michigan State University

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Journal Papers

 1. R.Vedula, G.Gentz, T.Stuecken, E. Toulson, H. Schock, Combustion Characteristics of Lean Burn Iso-Octane in a Rapid Compression Machine Equipped with a Dual Mode Turbulent Jet Ignition System, Submitted to SAE Journal of Engines, 2017.

2. M. Gholamisherri, I. S. Wichman, E. Toulson, A Study of the Turbulent Jet Flow Field in a Methane Fueled Turbulent Jet Ignition System, Accepted by Combustion and Flame, 2017.

3. G. Gentz, M. Gholamisherri, E. Toulson, A Study of a Turbulent Jet Ignition System Fueled with Iso-Octane: Pressure Trace Analysis and Combustion Visualization, Applied Energy, 2017. 189:385-394

4. M. Gholamisherri, B. C. Thelen, G. Gentz, I. S. Wichman, E. Toulson, Rapid Compression Machine Study of a Premixed, Variable Inlet Density and Flow Rate, Confined Turbulent Jet, Combustion and Flame, 2016. 169:321-332

5. B. C. Thelen, E. Toulson, A Computational Study on the Effects of Orifice Size on the Performance of a Turbulent Jet Ignition System, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, First published date Aug. 12, 2016

6. R. Song, G. Gentz, G. Zhu, E. Toulson, H. Schock A Control-Oriented Model of Turbulent Jet Ignition Combustion in a Rapid Compression Machine, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, First published date Nov. 13, 2016

7. G. Gentz, E. Toulson, Experimental Studies of a Liquid Propane Auxiliary Fueled Turbulent Jet Igniter in a Rapid Compression Machine, SAE Int. J. Engines 9(2):777-785, 2016.

8. G. Gentz, B. C. Thelen, M. Gholamisherri, P. Litke, A. Brown, J. Hoke, E. Toulson, A Study of the Influence of Orifice Diameter on a Turbulent Jet Ignition System Through Combustion Visualization and Performance Characterization in a Rapid Compression Machine, Applied Thermal Engineering, 2015. 81:399-411

9. G. Gentz, B. C. Thelen, E. Toulson, Combustion Visualization, Performance, and CFD Modeling of a Pre-Chamber Turbulent Jet Ignition System in a Rapid Compression Machine, SAE Int. J. Engines 8(2):538-546, 2015.

10. D. Valco, G. Gentz, C. Allen, M. Colket, T. Edwards, S. Gowdagiri, M. Oehlschlaeger, E. Toulson, T. Lee, Autoignition Behavior of Synthetic Alternative Jet Fuels: An Examination of Chemical Composition Effects on Ignition Delays at Low to Intermediate Temperatures, Proc. Combust. Institute, 2015. 35(3):2983-2991

11. B. C. Thelen, E. Toulson, T. Lee, A Study of an Energetically Enhanced Plasma Ignition System for Internal Combustion Engines, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science Special Issue on Plasma Assisted Technologies, 2013. 41(12):3223-3232

12. C. M. Allen, D.Valco, E. Toulson, J. H. Yoo, T. Lee, JP-5 and HRJ-5 Autoignition Characteristics and Surrogate Modeling, Energy and Fuels, 2013. 27(12):7790-7799

13. C. M. Allen, E. Toulson, D. Tepe, H. Schock, D. Miller, T. Lee, Characterization of the Effect of Fatty Ester Composition on the Ignition Behavior of Biodiesel Fuel Sprays, Fuel, 2013. 111:659-669.

14. C. M. Allen, D.Valco, E. Toulson, T. Edwards, T. Lee, Ignition Behavior and Surrogate Modeling of JP-8 and Camelina and Tallow Hydrotreated Renewable Jet Fuels at Low Temperature, Combustion and Flame, 2013. 160(2):232-239.

15. C. M. Allen, E. Toulson, T. Edwards, T. Lee, Application of a Novel Charge Preparation Approach to Testing Autoignition Characteristics of JP-8 and Camelina Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuel in a Rapid Compression Machine, Combustion and Flame, 2012. 159(9):2780-2788.

16. E. Toulson, H. J. Schock, G. Zhu, A. Huisjen,  C. Squibb, X. Chen, W.P. Attard, Visualization of Propane and Natural Gas Spark Ignition and Turbulent Jet Ignition Combustion, SAE Int. J. Engines  5(4):1821-1835, 2012.

17. C. M. Allen, E. Toulson, D. L. S. Hung, H. J. Schock, D. Miller, T. Lee, Ignition Characteristics of Diesel and Canola Biodiesel Sprays in the Low Temperature Combustion Regime, Energy and Fuels, 2011. 25(7):2896-2908.

18. E. Toulson, C. M. Allen, D. Miller, J. McFarlane, H. J. Schock, T. Lee, Modeling the Auto-Ignition of Biodiesel Blends with a Multi-Step Model, Energy and Fuels, 2011. 25(2):632-639.

19. C. M. Allen, G. Mittal, S.J. Sung, E. Toulson, T. Lee, An Aerosol Rapid Compression Machine for studying Energetic-Nanoparticle-Enhanced Combustion of Liquid Fuels, Proc. Combust. Institute, 2011. 33(2):3367-3374.

20. W. P. Attard, N. Fraser, P. Parsons, E. Toulson, A Turbulent Jet Ignition Pre-Chamber Combustion System for Large Fuel Economy Improvements in a Modern Vehicle Powertrain, SAE Int. J. Engines 2010. 3(2):20-37.

21. W. P. Attard, E. Toulson, F. Hamori, H. C. Watson, Combustion System Development and Analysis of a Downsized Highly Turbocharged PFI Small Engine, SAE Int. J. Engines 2010. 3(2):511-528.

22. E. Toulson, C. M. Allen, D. Miller, H. J. Schock, T. Lee, Optimization of a Multi-Step Model for the Auto-Ignition of Dimethyl Ether in a Rapid Compression Machine, Energy and Fuels, 2010. 24 (6):3510-3516.

23. E. Toulson, C. M. Allen, D. Miller, T. Lee, Modeling the Auto-Ignition of Oxygenated Fuels using a Multi-Step Model, Energy and Fuels, 2010. 24 (2):888-896.

 

Reviewed Conference Papers

 1. M. Gholamisherri, B. C. Thelen, E. Toulson, CFD Modeling and Experimental Analysis of a Homogeneously Charged Turbulent Jet Ignition System in a Rapid Compression Machine, SAE Paper 2017-01-0557, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April. 2017

2. B. C. Thelen, E. Toulson, A Computational Study of the Effects of Spark Location on the Performance of a Turbulent Jet Ignition System, SAE Paper 2016-01-0608, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April. 2016.

3. M. Gholamisherri, B. C. Thelen, G. Gentz, E. Toulson, CFD Modeling of an Auxiliary Fueled Turbulent Jet Ignition System In A Rapid Compression Machine, SAE Paper 2016-01-0599, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April. 2016

4. R. Song, G. Gentz, G. Zhu, E. Toulson, H. Schock, A Control Oriented Jet Ignition Combustion Model for an SI Engine. Proceedings of 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. ASME DSCC2015-9687, October 2015.

5. B. C. Thelen, G. Gentz, E. Toulson, Computational Study of a Turbulent Jet Ignition System for Lean Burn Operation in a Rapid Compression Machine, SAE Paper 2015-01-0396, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April. 2015.

6. E. Toulson, H. J. Schock, G. Zhu, A. Huisjen,  X. Chen, W.P. Attard, Spark Ignition and Pre-Chamber Turbulent Jet Ignition Combustion Visualization, SAE Paper 2012-01-0823, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April. 2012.

7. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. J. Schock, A Review of Prechamber Initiated Jet Ignition Combustion Systems, SAE Paper 2010-01-2263, SAE 2010 Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, San Diego, CA, Oct. 2010.

8. W. P. Attard, E. Toulson, F. Hamori, H. C. Watson, Combustion System Development and Analysis of a Carbureted and PFI Normally Aspirated Small Engine, SAE Paper 2010-32-0095, SAE Small Engine Technology Conference, Linz, Austria, Sept. 2010.

9. W. P. Attard, E. Toulson, F. Hamori, H. C. Watson, Abnormal Combustion including Mega Knock in a 60% Downsized Highly Turbocharged PFI Engine, SAE Paper 2010-01-1456, SAE International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 2010.

10. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. C. Watson, Modeling Alternative Prechamber Fuels in Jet Assisted Ignition of Gasoline and LPG, SAE Paper 2009-01-0721, SAE World Congress, Detroit MI, April 2009.

11. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. C. Watson, Gas Assisted Jet Ignition of Ultra-Lean LPG in a Spark Ignition Engine, SAE Paper 2009-01-0506, SAE World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 2009.

12. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. C. Watson, The Lean Limit and Emissions of a Gasoline HAJI System that Employs Syngas in Place of Hydrogen as the Pre-Chamber Fuel, FISITA Paper F2008-SC-002, FISITA 2008 World Automotive Congress, Munich, Germany, Sept. 2008.

13. W. P. Attard, E. Toulson, S. Konidaris, H. C. Watson, The Feasibility of Downsizing a 1.25 Litre Normally Aspirated Engine with a 0.45 Litre Highly Turbocharged Engine, SAE Paper 2007-24-0083, 8th International Conference on Engines for Automobiles, Naples, Italy, Sept. 2007.

14. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. C. Watson, The Lean Limit and Emissions at Near-Idle for a Gasoline HAJI System with Alternative Pre-Chamber Fuels, SAE Paper 2007-24-0120, 8th International Conference on Engines for Automobiles, Naples, Italy, Sept. 2007.

15. W. P. Attard, E. Toulson, F. Hamori, H. C. Watson, Compression Ratio Effects on Performance, Efficiency, Emissions and Combustion in a Carburetted and PFI Small Engine, SAE Paper 2007-01-3623, 14th Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference, Hollywood, CA, Aug. 2007.

16. E. Toulson, W. P. Attard, H. C. Watson, The Effects of Hot and Cold EGR with Hydrogen Assisted Jet Ignition, SAE Paper 2007-01-3627, 14th Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference, Hollywood, CA, Aug. 2007.

 

Conference Papers

 1. M. Gholamisherri, E. Toulson, CFD Modeling of a Homogeneously Charged Turbulent Jet Ignition System using Large Eddy Simulations, 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, MD, April. 2017

2. A. Validi, H. Schock, E. Toulson, F. Jaberi, LES/FMDF of Turbulent Jet Ignition in a Rapid Compression Machine. Bulletin of the American Physical Society. American Physical Society. Vol. 60. November 2015.

3. D. Valco, C. M. Allen, E. Toulson, T. Lee, Autoignition Behavior of Petroleum-Based and Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuel Blends in a Rapid Compression Machine, AIAA 2013-0896 at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, TX, Jan. 2013.

4. C. M. Allen, E. Toulson, T. Lee, An Experimental Investigation of the Autoignition Characteristics of Camelina-Based Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels, AIAA 2011-604 at 49th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2011.

 

Patents

 1.      H. Schock, G. Zhu, E. Toulson, T. R. Stuecken, Internal Combustion Engine. US Patent App. 15/132,317, 2016

 
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