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© 2011-2017 Richard Lunt, MSU

Journal Publications:


51. D. Liu, C. J. Traverse, P. Chen, M. Elinski, C. Yang, L. Wang, M. Young, R. R. Lunt, “Aqueous-Containing Precursor Solutions For Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells”, Advance Science, (In Print) 2017. 

50. L. Wang, P. Chen, N. Thongprong, M. Young, P. S. Kuttipillai, K. Sun, P. M. Duxbury, R. R. Lunt*, “Unlocking the Single-Domain Epitaxy of Halide Perovskites” Advanced Materials Interfaces, (Available Online) 2017. [Featured on the Inside Front Cover]

49. Q. Lin, Z. Wang, M. Young, J. B. Patel, L. M. Maestro, R. R. Lunt, H. J. Snaith, M. B. Johnston, L. M. Herz “Near-infrared and short-wavelength infrared photodiodes based on dye-perovskite composites” Advanced Functional Materials, (Available Online), 2017. 

48. M. Bates, R. R. Lunt, “Organic Salt Photovoltaics.” Sustainable Energy & Fuels, [Invited], (Available Online), 2017. [Featured on the Front Cover]

47. P. Chen, P. Kuttipillai, L. Wang, R. R. Lunt, “Homoepitaxial Growth of Metal Halide Crystals Investigated by Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction.” Scientific Reports, 7, 40542, 2017.

46. C. Yang, R. R. Lunt,  “Limits of Visibly Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrators” Adv. Opt. Mat. [Invited], 5, 8, 1600851, 2017.

45. Z. Tao, T.T. Han, F. Zhou, D. Torres, T. Wang, N. Sepulveda, K. Chang, M. Young,  R. R. Lunt, C.-Y. Ruan, “The nature of photoinduced transition and metastable states in vanadium dioxide” Scientific Reports, 6, 38514, 2016.

44.  H. Yuan, R. R. Lunt, J. I. Thompson, and R. Y. Ofoli, “Electrodeposition of Ni/Ni(OH)2 catalytic films by cyclic voltammetry for the hydrogen evolution reaction” Chem. Elect. Chem. 3, 1-6, 2016.

43.  D. Moghe, L. Wang, C. J. Traverse, A. Redoute, M. Sponseller, P. R. Brown, V. Bulović, R. R. Lunt, “All Vapor-Deposited Lead-Free CsSnBr3 Planar Solar Cells.” Nano Energy, 28, 469-474, 2016.

42.  L. Wang, D. Moghe, S. Hafezian, P. Chen, M. Young, M. Elinski, L. Martinu, S. Kéena-Cohen, R. R. Lunt, “Alkali Metal Halide Salts as Interface Additives to Fabricate Hysteresis-free Hybrid Perovskite-based Photovoltaic Devices” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 8, 35, 23086-23094, 2016.

41.  P. Chen, R. Lunt, “Edge-Nucleation Driven Hetero-Quasiepitaxial Growth of Organic Multilayer Films”.  Adv. Mat. Interfaces. 3, 17, 1600401, 2016. [Featured on the Front Cover] 

40.  M. Young, J. D. Suddard-Bangsund, T. J. Patrick, N. Pajares, S. Y. Lunt, and R. R. Lunt, "Organic Heptamethine Salts for Photovoltaics and Detectors with Near-Infrared Photoresponse up to 1600 nm", Adv. Opt. Mat. 4, 7, 1028-1033, 2016.  [Featured on the Frontispiece cover]

39.  A. Grossman, Y. Ding, R. Lunt, A. Bénard “Solar Photovoltaic Design Tool for non-Residential Buildings: From Blueprints to Arrays”.  J. of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 8, 035501, 2016. 

38.  H. Yuan, R. R. Lunt, G. J. Blanchard, and R. Y. Ofoli “Synthesis of a MnOx water oxidation catalyst on FTO by a novel dual-series cyclic voltammetry protocol”.  Chem. Electro. Chem. 3,5, 709-712, 2016. 

37.  J. Suddard-Bangsund, C. J. Traverse, M. Young, T. Patrick, Y. Zhao, R. R. Lunt, “Organic Salts as a Route to Energy Level Control in Low Bandgap, High Open-Circuit Voltage Organic and Transparent Solar Cells that Approach the Excitonic Voltage Limit”, Adv. Energy Mat. 6, 1501659, 2016.

36.  P. Kuttipillai, Y. Zhao, C. J. Traverse, B. G. Levine, R. R. Lunt, “Phosphorescent Nanocluster Light Emitting Diodes”,  Adv. Mat., 28, 320-326, 2015.  [Featured on the Frontispiece Cover]


35.  Y. Ding, M. Young, Y. Zhao, C. Traverse, A. Benard, R. R. Lunt,  “Influence of Photovoltaic Angle-Dependence on Overall Power Output for Fixed Building Integrated Configurations”.  Solar Energy Materials And Solar Cells, 132, 523, 2015.

34.  Y. Zhao, G. Meek, B. Levine, and R. R. Lunt, “Near-Infrared Harvesting Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrators”.  Adv. Opt. Mat., 2, 606, 2014.  [Selected for the Front Cover, Selected for the Best of Advanced Optical Materials - 2014 edition, Most Accessed Article 2014, 2015, 2016]

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33.  C. J. Traverse, M. Young, S. Wagner, P. Zhang, P. Askeland, M. C. Barr, and R. R. Lunt, “Efficient Zinc Sulfide Cathode Layers for Organic Photovoltaic Applications via n-type Doping”.  J. of Appl. Phys., 115, 194505, 2014.


32.  P. R. Brown, D. Kim, R. R. Lunt, N. Zhao, M. G. Bawendi, J. C. Grossman, and V. Bulović,  “Energy Level Modification in Lead Sulfide Quantum Dot Photovoltaics through Ligand Exchange” ACS Nano 8, 5863, 2014.

31.  [Book Chapter].  R. R. Lunt, R. Holmes, 2014. “Small-Molecule and Vapor-Deposited Organic Photovoltaics”  In Organic Solar Cells: Fundamentals, Devices, and Upscaling.  Edited by B. R. Rand and H. Richter. Pan Stanford. 

30.  C. Jiang, R. R. Lunt, P. Duxbury, and  P. Zhang, “High-performance inverted solar cells with low-temperature processed ZnO buffer layer”.  RSC Advances, 4, 3604,  2014. 

29.  M. Young, C. J. Traverse, R. Pandey, M. C. Barr, R. R. Lunt.  “Angle Dependence of Transparent Photovoltaics in Conventional and Inverted Configurations.”  Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 133304, 2013. 

28.  Q. Yang, T. Burye, R. R. Lunt, J. Nicholas.  “In Situ Oxygen Surface Exchange Coefficient Measurements on Lanthanum Strontium Ferrite Thin Films via a Novel Curvature Relaxation Method”  Solid State Ionics, 249, 123-128, 2013.


27.  Y. Zhao and R. R. Lunt.   “Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrators for Large-Area Solar Windows Enabled by Massive Stokes-Shift Nanocluster Phosphors”  Adv. Energy Mat., 3, 1143-1148, 2013.   [Back Cover]



26.  S. Wagner, R. R. Lunt, P. Zhang.   “Anisotropic crystalline organic step-flow growth on deactivated Si surfaces”  Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, 086107, 2013.

25.   L.Y. Chang, R. R. Lunt, P. R. Brown, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi “Low-temperature Solution-processed Solar Cells Based on PbS Colloidal Quantum Dots and CdS Heterojunctions”  Nanolett., 13, 994, 2013.


24.  R. R. Lunt. “Theoretical Limits for Visibly Transparent Photovoltaics.”  Appl. Phys. Lett., 101, 043902, 2012.   

23.  R. R. Lunt, T. P. Osedach, P. R. Brown, J. A. Rowehl, and V. Bulović.  “Practical Roadmap and Limits to Nanostructured Photovoltaics” (Perspective) Adv. Mat. 23, 5712–5727, 2011. [Top 10 Most Accessed in Adv. Mat. 9/2010-10/2011 and 11/2011—1/2012]

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22.  R. R. Lunt, and V. Bulović.  “Transparent, near-infrared organic photovoltaic solar cells for window and energy-scavenging applications” Appl. Phys. Lett.  98, 113305, 2011.  Selected for March 2011 issue of APL: Organic Electronics and Photonics.  Most Downloaded Article, April; Top, 20 May-August;   Highlighted in Nature; Highlighted in the special edition (50th Anniversary) of Applied Physics Letters’ “Editor’s Picks”, as one of the most notable APL articles published in the past decade;.  

21.  T. P. Osedach, A. Iacchetti, R. R. Lunt, T. L. Andrews, P. R. Brown, G. M. Akselrod, V. Bulović.   “Near-Infrared Photodetector Consisting of J-Aggregating Cyanine Dye and Metal Oxide Thin Films”  Appl. Phys. Lett.,   101, 113303, 2012.

20.  J. A. Rowehl, R. R. Lunt, T. P. Osedach, P. R. Brown, M. C. Barr, K. K. Gleason, V. Bulović.   “Multijunction organic photovoltaics with a broad spectral response”  Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.  14, 14548-1453, 2012.   

Graphical abstract: Multijunction organic photovoltaics with a broad spectral response

19.  M. Barr, R. M. Howden, R. R. Lunt, V. Bulović, K. Gleason.  “Top-illuminated Organic Photovoltaics on Opaque Substrates with Vapor-printed Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Top Electrodes”.  Adv. Energy Mat. 2, 1404-1409,  2012.

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18.  S. Ren, M. Bernardi, R. R. Lunt, V. Bulović, J. Grossman, and S. Gradecak (2011).  “Toward Efficient Carbon Nanotube/P3HT Solar Cells: Active Layer Morphology, Electrical, and Optical Properties” Nanolett.   11, 5316–5321, 2011  [Top 20 Most Read, Oct 2011].

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17.  P. R. Brown, R. R. Lunt, N. Zhao, T. P. Osedach, D. D. Wanger, L. Y. Chang, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović.  “Improved hole current extraction from ZnO/PbS quantum dot heterojunction photovoltaics using a MoO3 interfacial layer ” Nanolett. 11, 2955-2961, 2011.

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16.  M. C. Barr, J. A. Rowehl, R. R. Lunt, J. Xu, A. Wang, C. M. Boyce, S. G. Im, V. Bulović, K. K. Gleason . “Direct Monolithic Integration of Organic Photovoltaic Circuits on Unmodified Paper” Adv. Mat.  23, 3500-3505, 2011. [Frontispiece cover, Top 20 Most Accessed in Adv. Mat. 2011-2012]

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15.  R. R. Lunt, K. Sun, M. Kröger, J. B. Benziger, and S. R. Forrest . “Ordered Organic-Organic Multilayer Growth” Phys. Rev. B.  83, 064114, 2011.

14.  B. E. Lassiter, R. R. Lunt, C. K. Renshaw, and S. R. Forrest. “Structural templating of multiple polycrystalline layers in organic photovoltaic cells” Optics Express, 18, 103, A444, 2010.   

13. G. Wei, R. R. Lunt, K. Sun, S. Wang, M.E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest. “Efficient, ordered bulk heterojunction nanocrystalline solar cells by annealing of ultrathin squaraine thin films”  Nanolett. 10, 9, 355, 2010.

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12. J.D. Zimmerman, V. Diev, K. Hanson, R. R. Lunt, E. K. Yu,  M. E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest .Porphyrin-tape/C60 organic photodetectors with 6.5% external quantum efficiency in the near infrared” Adv. Mat., 22, 25, 2780, 2010.

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11. R. R. Lunt, S. Kena-Cohen, J. B. Benziger, S. R. Forrest. “Measurement of the Mean Inner Potential of Anthracene and Naphthalene” Phys. Rev. Lett, 102, 065504, 2009. 

10. R. R. Lunt, J. B. Benziger, S. R. Forrest. “Relationship between Crystalline Order and  Exciton Diffusion Length in Molecular Organic Semiconductors” Adv. Mat., 22, 11, 1233, 2009. 

9.  M. S. Arnold, J. Zimmerman, C. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. Austin, S. R. Forrest. “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors” Nano Lett, 9, 3354, 2009. 

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8.  N. Li, B. E. Lassiter, R. R. Lunt, G. Wei, S. R. Forrest. “Open Circuit Voltage Enhancement Due to Reduced Dark Current in Small Molecule PV Cells” Appl. Phys. Lett, 94, 023307, 2009.  Selected for Jan. 2009 issue of APL: Organic Electronics and Photonics.  

7.   R. R. Lunt, N. C. Giebink, A. A. Belak, J. B. Benziger, and S. R. Forrest. “Exciton Diffusion Lengths of Organic Semiconductors Measured by Spectrally Resolved Photoluminescence Quenching” J. Appl. Phys, 105, 053711, 2009.  

6.  M. D. Perez, C. Borek, P. I. Djurovic, E. I. Mayo, R. R. Lunt, S. R. Forrest, and M. E. Thompson.  “Organic photovoltaics using metallo tetraphenylbenzoporphyrin donor layer” Adv. Mat, 21, 1517, 2009.

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5.  R. R. Lunt, B. E. Lassiter, J. B. Benziger, S. R. Forrest. “Organic Vapor Phase Deposition for the Growth of Large Area Organic Electronic DevicesAppl. Phys. Lett., 95, 233305, 2009. Selected for Dec. 2009 issue of APL: Organic Electronics and Photonics.    

4. (Cover) M. S. Arnold, G. J. McGraw, S. R. Forrest, R. R. Lunt, “Direct Vapor Jet Printing of Three Color Segment Organic Light Emitting Devices for White Light Illumination” Appl. Phys. Lett, 92, 053301, 2008. (Highlighted on APL cover for Feb, 2008.) 

3. F. Yang, R. R. Lunt, S. R. Forrest. “Simultaneous Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells with Broad Spectral Sensitivity” Appl. Phys. Lett, 92, 053310, 2008.

2.  R. R. Lunt, J. B. Benziger, S. R. Forrest. “Growth of an Ordered Organic Heterojunction” Adv. Mat. 19, 4229, 2007. 

1.  R. R. Lunt, J. B. Benziger, S. R. Forrest.  “Real-time Monitoring of Organic Vapor-Phase Deposition of Molecular Thin Films Using High-Pressure Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction”.  Appl. Phys. Lett, 90, 181932, 2007.






-  10 Issued, 12 Pending

-  “Transparent Photovoltaic Cells,” (9,728,735), August, 2017.  

-  “Light Trapping Architecture for Photovoltaic and Photodetector Applications,” (9,412,960), August, 2016. 

-  “Nanocluster Light Emitting Diodes,” (9,331,298), May, 2016.

-   “Ordered organic-organic multilayer growth,” (8,933,436), Jan. 2015.    

-  “Growth of ordered crystalline organic films,” (8,912,036), Dec. 2014. 

-  “Structural Templating for Organic Electronic Devices Having an Organic Film with Long Range Order,” (WO/2011/025567), Sept, 2014.

-  “Concave-hemisphere-patterned organic top-light emitting device,” (8,633,497). Jan, 2014. 

-  “Apparatus and Method for Deposition for Organic Thin Films ,” (9,132,447 ).  September, 2015. 

-  “Improved Polymer Wrapped Carbon Nanotube Near-Infrared Photoactive Devices,” (8,017,863).  April, 2009.

-  “Organic Vapor Jet Deposition Using an Exhaust,” (7,879,401). Dec, 2006.