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Nano Building Blocks

NanoRobotic Systems Lab

NRS Lab
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NanoRobotic Systems Lab

CNT
CNTCNT

Junctions

 

 

 

X

II

V

I

T

Y

III

Architecture

 

Circle to circle

Circle to circles

Side to side

Side to side

Tip to tip

Tip to tip

Side to tip

Tip to tips

Side to sides

Homogeneous

SWNTs

DWNTs

MWNTs

 

 

Kink

 

 

 

Array

Hetero-

 

Filled/Decorated

Filled/Decorated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intra-

(Chemistry, Mechanochemistry)

 

N

N

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

Inter-

(Supramolecular chemistry)

 

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Applications in mechanical systems

Probe

Bearing,

Bearing,

Structure

Scissors,

Structure

Structure

Structure

Structure

Structure

Applications in electronics

Wire

 

 

Switch, laser,

 

Diode

Electrodes

Transistor,

Transistor,

FE display

Applications in NEMS

Oscillator,  

Switch, actuators,

memory, sensors

Switch, actuators, memory

Switch, relay, memory

Tweezers, switches,

 

 

Switch, relay, memory

 

 

Applications in fluidics

 

 

 

4-way

 

 

 

Splitter

3-way

Screen

Applications in optics

 

 

 

Wave guide

 

Wave guide

Optical antenna

Wave guide

Wave guide

 

Secondary Structures from Carbon Nanotubes

2001-2010

 

 

 

 

Shell Engineered CNTs

Nanotube Junctions

Filling and Attachment of CNTs

 

 

 

 

CNT-based Building Blocks

 

CNT-based Building Blocks

 

 

 

 

[JP48]

L. X. Dong, K. Y. Shou, D. R. Frutiger, A. Subramanian, L. Zhang, B. J. Nelson, X. Y. Tao, and X. B. Zhang, Engineering Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Inside a Transmission Electron Microscope Using Nanorobotic Manipulation, IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, pp. 508-517, July 2008.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP43]

L. X. Dong, A. Subramanian, and B. J. Nelson, Carbon Nanotubes for Nanorobotics, Nano Today, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 12-21, Dec. 2007. (Invited review, one of the Top 25 Hottest Articles)

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP42]

A. Subramanian, T. Y. Choi, L. X. Dong, J. Tharian, U. Sennhauser, D. Poulikakos, and B. J. Nelson, Local Control of Electric Current Driven Shell Etching of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 89, No. 1, pp. 133-139, Oct. 2007.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP40]

A. Subramanian, L. X. Dong, J. Tharian, U. Sennhauser, and B. J. Nelson, Batch Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube Bearings, Nanotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 7, Art. No. 075703, Feb. 2007. (Featured article with cover picture. Highlighted: Nanotechweb and Nanowerk)

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP38]

L. X. Dong, X. Y. Tao, L. Zhang, X. B. Zhang, and B. J. Nelson, Nanorobotic Spot Welding: Controlled Metal Deposition with Attogram Precision from Copper-filled Carbon Nanotubes, Nano Letters, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 58-63, Jan. 2007. (Highlighted: (1) P. Ball, Nature Nanozone News: Spot-welding with NanotubesNature Materials Updates, Dec. 20, 2006, (2) A.L. Chun, Top down bottom up: Making Connections, Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 2, p.75, 2007, (3) T. Simonite, Nano-welds Herald New Era of ElectronicsNew Scientist, Vol. 391, p. 6, 2006, (4) Nanowerk Spotlight: Bronze Age Technique Works Just Fine in the Nanotechnology Era, Nanowerk website, Jan. 2, 2007. and (5) some 50 websites in 8 different languages including English, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, German, Korea, Spanish, and Turkish)

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP28]

P. Liu, F. Arai, L. X. Dong, T. Fukuda, T. Noguchi, and K. Tatenuma, Field Emission of Individual Carbon Nanotubes and Its Improvement by Decoration with Ruthenium Dioxide Super-Nanoparticles, Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 475-482, Aug. 2005.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP25]

L. X. Dong, F. Arai, and T. Fukuda, Destructive Constructions of Nanostructures with Carbon Nanotubes through Nanorobotic Manipulation, IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 350-357, June 2004.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP22]

T. Fukuda, F. Arai, and L. X. Dong, Assembly of Nanodevices with Carbon Nanotubes through Nanorobotic Manipulations, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 91, No. 11, pp. 1803-1818, Nov. 2003. (Invited review)

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP21]

L. X. Dong, F. Arai, and T. Fukuda, Nanoassembly of Carbon Nanotubes through Mechanochemical Nanorobotic Manipulations, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 1-Regular Papers Short Notes & Review Papers, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 295-298, Jan. 2003.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP19]

T. Fukuda, F. Arai, and L. X. Dong, Fabrication and Property Analysis of MWNT Junctions through Nanorobotic Manipulations, International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, pp. 753-758, 2002.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

Participants

 

 

 

 

01-10

L.X. Dong

 

 

 

04-10

A. Subramanian

 

 

 

04-05

P. Liu

 

 

 

01-05

T. Fukuda

 

 

 

01-05

F. Arai

 

 

 

04-10

B. J. Nelson

 

 

 

06-10

X. Y. Tao

 

 

 

06-10

X. B. Zhang

 

 

 

05-06

D. R. Frutiger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funding Sources

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rolled-up Helical Nanobelts

2005-2009

 

 

 

 

SiGe/Si, InGaAs/GaAs...

Tubes, coils, rings, spirals...

Functionalization

 

 

 

Rolled-up Helical Nanobelts

 

 

 

 

 

 

[JP53]

L. Zhang, D. D. Xu, L. X. Dong, and B. J. Nelson, Aging Effect of Rolled-up InGaAs/GaAs/Cr Helical Nanobelts, Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 86, pp.824-827, April-June 2009.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP46]

L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, and B. J. Nelson, Bending and Buckling of Rolled-up SiGe/Si Microtubes Using Nanorobotic Manipulation, Applied Physics Letters,Vol. 92, Art. No. 243102, June 2008.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

[JP45]

D. Grützmacher, L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, D. J. Bell, B. J. Nelson, A. Prinz, and E. Ruh, Ultra Flexible SiGe/Si/Cr Nanosprings, Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 39, pp. 478-481, April 2008.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

[JP44]

L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, and B. J. Nelson, Ring Closure of Rolled-up Si/Cr Nanoribbons, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Art. No. 143110, April 2008.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP39]

D. J. Bell, T. E. Bauert, L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, Y. Sun, D. Grützmacher, and B. J. Nelson, Directed Batch Assembly of Three-Dimensional Helical Nanobelts Through Angular Winding and Electroplating, Nanotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 5, Art. No. 055304, Feb. 2007.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP35]

D. J. Bell, Y. Sun, L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, B. J. Nelson, and D. Grützmacher, Three-dimensional Nanosprings for Electromechanical Sensors, Sensors and Actuators A-Physical, Vol. 130-131, pp. 54-61, Aug. 2006.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP34]

L. Zhang, E. Ruh, D. Grützmacher, L. X. Dong, D. J. Bell, B. J. Nelson, and C. Schönenberger, Anomalous Coiling of SiGe/Si and SiGe/Si/Cr Helical Nanobelts, Nano Letters, Vol. 6, No. 7, pp. 1311-1317, July 2006. (Highlighted: (1) Editor's Choice: All Wound upScience, Vol. 312, p.1719, 2006. (2) News Focus: Nanotechnology: Pretty as You Please, Curling Films Turn Themselves into NanodevicesScience, Vol. 313, pp.164-165, 2006.)

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP32]

L. Zhang, L. X. Dong, D. J. Bell, B. J. Nelson, C. Schönenberger, and D. Grützmacher, Fabrication and Characterization of Freestanding Si/Cr Micro- and Nanospirals, Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 83, No. 4-9, pp. 1237-1240, April-Sept. 2006.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

[JP31]

D. J. Bell, L. X. Dong, B. J. Nelson, M. Golling, L. Zhang, and D. Grützmacher, Fabrication and Characterization of Three-Dimensional InGaAs/GaAs Nanosprings, Nano Letters, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 725-729, April 2006.

[HTML] [PDF]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Participants

 

 

 

 

05-09

Li Zhang (PSI, ETH Zurich)

 

 

 

05-09

Dominik J. Bell (ETH Zurich)

 

 

 

05-09

Lixin Dong (Michigan State University, ETH Zurich)

 

 

 

05-09

Bradley J. Nelson (ETH Zurich)

 

 

 

05-08

D. Grützmacher (PSI)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Founding Sources

 

 

 

 

05-09

ETH Zurich